It appears that Israel's new draft law will allow haredi yeshivas to choose which of their students serve in the IDF.
Each yeshiva will be given a quota as part of the overall haredi quota set by the IDF and the government. The rosh yeshivas (yeshiva deans) will then choose which of their students to use to fill that quota.
What will this mean in reality?
Most likely, this:
• Only students who show absolute fealty to the rosh yeshiva will be exempt from the draft. Students who question doctrine or who challenge authority in any way, no matter how talented, will be drafted.
• Shababbnikim (haredi "bums" and yeshiva dropouts and expellees) will be put on yeshiva rolls as full time students so they can be used to fill yeshivas' quotas.
• Most haredi yeshiva students will not be drafted.
In other words, the new law gives dictatorial power to rosh yeshivas who will certianly misuse it, and few actual haredi yeshiva students will serve in Israel's military.
The best quote I've seen on the Knesset committee writing the new draft law is from the Forum for Draft Equality.
"This is not the committee for equalizing the burden [of serving in the military], but the committee for equalizing exemptions [from serving in it]," the Forum reportedly said.
MK Omer Bar-Lev of the secular Labor Party also sharply criticized the new proposed law and the committee – which he sat on – that wrote it.
"I am appalled to see how this coalition of vested interests [the Knesset's Shaked committee] is navigating this ship without direction," Bar-Lev said.
Committee members and other in Knesset supporting the new proposed law are largely celebrating the fact that, on paper at least, haredim are now obligated to serve in the IDF – even if that obligation does not go into effect for years and has so many exemptions and holes built into it that it looks like Swiss cheese.
"The principle of mandatory service for all will be a guideline for this new law. For the first time since the establishment of the state the sentence for a haredi draft-dodger will be the same as a secular man's, and the obligation to serve will apply also to ultra-Orthodox students. The military and national service, along with students leaving the 'yeshiva prison,' are a bridge to integrating the ultra-Orthodox community in the workforce," MK Ya'akov Perry of the Yesh Atid Party said. Perry headed the first Knesset committee put in charge of writing a new draft law – a committee which was summarily disbanded by Prime Minister Netanyahu as it was about to put up for a vote a proposed law tougher and arguably more fair than the current version.