Lindenstrauss: Chaos at Mt. Meron
By DAN IZENBERG
One-and-a-half million people visit the grave of Rabbi Shimon Bar Yohai on Mt. Meron each year, but the holy site is improperly administered and in a state of disrepair, state comptroller Micha Lindenstrauss has found in a special report released on Sunday.
The state comptroller also found that the celebrations on Lag Ba'Omer draw 250,000 to 400,000 people each year but are illegal because the regional council does not issue a permit, and dangerous because there is no supervision of the accommodations and the activities that take place there.
In summing up his conclusions, the state comptroller wrote: "In view of the status and importance of the site to the Israeli public and the severe findings of this report, there must be an urgent and comprehensive examination of the possibility of handing over the administration and maintenance of the site and the surrounding area to one central body, either government appointed or under the government's supervision."
More people visit Bar Yohai's grave than any other holy site in Israel, other than the Western Wall. Nevertheless, there is no effective management of the site. Four religious trusts claim to have rights over the grave and each acts as it sees fit. The Merom Hagalil regional council has not tried to assert its own authority over the site.
As a result of the administrative chaos, there has been a great deal of illegal construction at or near the grave. For example, "in 1980, an awning was added to the visitors' center supported by iron beams connected to the northern wall of the original building, which conceal part of the upper windows and ruin the unique and ancient look of the northern façade." All the additional construction was executed without building permits.
The grave itself was built in the 18th century. The Antiquities Authority Law states that any man-built structure from the 18th century on which has historical value may be declared an antiquity. The law imposes severe restrictions on what can be done at an antiquities site. However, the Antiquities Authority has not declared Bar Yohai's grave an antiquity and therefore it is unprotected by the law.
On the other hand, the grave is considered a holy site according to the Law for the Preservation of Holy Sites. This law also applies certain restrictions to the site, but in the case of Bar Yohai's grave, these restrictions, including prohibitions against establishing kiosks or stalls, begging or soliciting contributions, are ignored.
Lindenstrauss found that the regional council refuses to grant a permit for the Lag Ba'Omer celebrations because the site is unsafe for the large number of people who attend them. It does this even though it is fully aware that hundreds of thousands of people will come anyway. In other words, the council chooses to "solve" the lack of
security, safety, sanitation and efficient transportation by shutting its eyes to the problems and refusing to grant a permit.
The state comptroller found that during last year's celebrations there were severe problems in transporting the pilgrims to the grave site. For example, there were not enough car parks, too many vehicles were allowed to reach the site itself, causing severe traffic jams, and the police lost control of the traffic.
Individuals set up mobile homes and awnings for those wishing to spend the night at the site. The mobile homes are inflammable and the pilgrims make bonfires nearby. The homes siphon water from taps paid for by the government and divert sewage to the fields nearby.
The site is overcrowded so that rescue workers cannot easily reach it in case of an accident or terrorist attack.
Yehiye b'seder. It will be okay.
That Israel mantra, which basically means "no matter how negligent we are, no matter how much we screw up, in the end everything will work out for the best," has a lot to do with the chaos in Meron every year, just as it provides the cultural underpinnings for much else unruly in Israeli society.
But, in Meron's case, there is also fighting between the four religious groups that claim control over Bar Yohai's tomb – haredim and Sefardi haredim.
Meron on Lag Ba'omer is like Woodstock – but with far fewer safety precautions and much less organization.
What Meron lacks in nudity and free love it more than makes up for with chaos.
Will the comptroller's report bring order and safety to the Lag Ba'omer chaos?
I doubt it.
It's election season in Israel and no Likud or Kadima politician will move to enforce order, because that move will be seen in haredi circles as anti-haredi.
And, truth be told, few non-religious politicians care about something that primarily effects haredim and Sefardim – especially when haredim and Sefardim themselves do not care.
So, it's probably yehiye b'seder until, God forbid…