615 posts categorized "History"

July 24, 2015: The Lives Of Our Ancestors
Comments: 18 | Categories: Books , History
"…In most places and at most times, foraging provided ideal nutrition. That is hardly surprising -- this had been the human diet for hundreds of thousands of years, and the human body was well adapted to it. Evidence from fossilised...

July 24, 2015: What Really Makes Humans Unique?
Comments: 11 | Categories: Books , History , Religion, Religion & State , Science
"…The truly unique feature of [Homo Sapiens or Sapiens] language is not its ability to transmit information about the [tangible]. Rather, it's the ability to transmit information about things that do not exist at all.…only Homo sapiens can speak about...

July 23, 2015: Researchers Find Proof In Israel Of Earliest Ever Human Agricultural Cultivation
Comments: 14 | Categories: Food , History , Israel
The new study offers evidence that early humans clearly functioned with a basic knowledge of agriculture and, perhaps more importantly, exhibited foresight and extensive agricultural planning more than 10,000 years earlier than previously believed. Above: more than ten millennia before...

July 17, 2015: Where's Your Yarmulke, Moses?
Comments: 30 | Categories: Halakha , Haredim , History , MO & Chardal
Here's a brief history of the Jewish skullcap (yarmulke, kippah) – a history that begins long after the death Moses and, for that matter, long after the deaths of Ezra, Nechemia, and even the Maccabees. Above: A Chabad-Lubavitch messianist yarmulke...

July 16, 2015: New "Stunning" Mosaics Discovered In Ancient Galilee Synagogue
Comments: 16 | Categories: History , Israel , Religion, Religion & State , Science
Excavations directed by UNC-Chapel Hill College of Arts and Sciences professor Jodi Magness revealed stunning new mosaics that decorated the floor of the Late Roman (fifth century) synagogue in the ancient Jewish village of Huqoq. Above: part of a mosaic...

July 14, 2015: Lying To Protect Haredi Judaism
Comments: 38 | Categories: Haredim , History , MO & Chardal , Religion, Religion & State
Shimon Schwab, a prominent 20th-century German haredi rabbi, argued that “a realistic historic picture” is good for “nothing but the satisfaction of curiosity.” Instead, “every generation has to put a veil over the human failings of its elders and glorify...

July 3, 2015: How The Land Of Israel And The Hebrew Bible Fueled The American Revolution
Comments: 15 | Categories: History , Religion, Religion & State
"…[British King] George III was often cast as evil King Rehoboam or Greek persecutor Antiochus; his conniving advisers were the sinister Haman; George Washington, the brilliant commander and reluctant president was either Moses, or Joshua, or Judah Maccabee, or, most...

July 3, 2015: Researchers Show How Our Sense Of Smell Evolved – Including In Cave Men
Comments: 1 | Categories: History , Science
This research shows how global studies of our genes can give insight into how our taste for different foods may have been influenced by variation in our ability to smell, and, excitingly, show that it is possible to see back...

July 2, 2015: Google Puts Auschwitz And Other Nazi Death Camps In Mobile Phone Game, Drawing Condemnation
Comments: 2 | Categories: Antisemitism , History , Web/Tech
Google put Nazi death camps and concentration camps in Ingress, a multiplayer augmented reality game in which people fight for control of virtual portals in a larger battle for control of the entire Earth. Google Puts Auschwitz And Other Nazi...

June 30, 2015: How We Used To Sleep
Comments: 15 | Categories: History , Science
For those of us confused by references in Psalms and in rabbinic works about the three watches of the night, what follows should explain it Note that rabbinic advice to delay sex until after midnight is likely based on this,...

June 25, 2015: Who Really Wrote The Bible, Or At Least A Large Part Of It?
Comments: 60 | Categories: History , Israel , Religion, Religion & State
"…Josiah's kingdom was actually rather puny, and his purpose in having the Deuteronomistic History written was to unite the various warring Israelite tribes into a single powerful empire under his rule. That would be why the king's scribes write that...

June 24, 2015: Which Came First And Why Should You Care?
Comments: 16 | Categories: Books , History , Women & Judaism
“…There is no denying [the Tosefta] is a source of the Mishnah. There is also no denying that it is a commentary on some other text. So much of it cannot stand alone. But the text upon which it comments...

June 23, 2015: Early Modern Humans Interbred With Neanderthals, New Genetic Study Shows
Comments: 7 | Categories: History , Science
Genetic analysis of a 40,000-year-old jawbone from Romania reveals that early modern humans interbred with Neanderthals when they first came to Europe. Above: DNA taken from a 40,000-year-old modern human jawbone reveals that this man had a Neandertal ancestor as...

June 16, 2015: Rare Inscription from the Time of King David Found
Comments: 13 | Categories: History , Israel , Science
"This is the first time that the name Eshbaʽal has appeared on an ancient inscription in the country. Eshbaʽal Ben Shaul, who ruled over Israel at the same time as David, is known from the Bible. Eshbaʽal was murdered by...

June 8, 2015: The Darkness Of Haredi Gedolim, Continued
Comments: 73 | Categories: Hanukkah , Haredim , History , Israel , Religion, Religion & State
The #2 rabbi of the so-called mainstream Ashkenazi haredi faction, Rabbi Chaim Kanievsky, ruled that the branches of the Temple’s menorah were not curved. Why? Because one rabbi who lived almost 1,000 years after the Temple was destroyed said so....

June 5, 2015: Child Sex Abuse And Related Coverups Were Justified In Order To Allow The Modern Orthodox And Haredi Communities To Grow, Rabbi Says
Comments: 51 | Categories: Crime, Litigation, etc. , Ethics , Haredim , History , Outreach , Pedophilia & Related Crimes , Religion, Religion & State
"…When we are in cultural survival mode, the focus must be on the attractive nature of our lifestyle. Our communal body was sick, wracked with disease, and our only chance for survival was to allow our wounds to heal in...

June 2, 2015: Dilemma: Haredim Ask Top Rabbi To Decide Which Girls Baby Names Are Kosher And Which Are Not
Comments: 73 | Categories: Haredim , History
Over recent years, increasingly modern and Hebrewized girls names have crept into the haredi community, which has caused some haredim to question how baby girls are named and if those names are 'kosher.' It turns out, some of them are...

May 29, 2015: The First Exodus: Ancient Humans First Left Africa Through Egypt And Sinai, Researchers Find
Comments: 44 | Categories: History , Science
While all modern human populations can trace their ancestry back to Africa, the route taken out of Africa so long ago was unclear until new genomic analyses of people currently living in Ethiopia and Egypt where carried out. They show...

May 28, 2015: More Lies About Hasidic History
Comments: 58 | Categories: Haredim , History
Britain's The Daily Mail newspaper printed hasidic lies about their rebbe's 'miraculous' escape from the Nazis as if those lies are actually true. But they aren't, and the actual story of that escape is so awful, hasidim have spent decades...

May 22, 2015: Why Do We Eat Dairy Foods On Shavuot Morning?
Comments: 25 | Categories: Food , Haredim , History , Religion, Religion & State
There are many rabbinically posited explanations for the custom of eating dairy foods on the morning of Shavuot, some more fanciful than others. But the real reason may have much more to do with practicality and non-Judaism-related local custom than...

May 22, 2015: Did Moses Really Write The Torah?
Comments: 56 | Categories: History , Religion, Religion & State , Skepticism
Did Moses really write the Torah? And if he didn't, why is it that we attribute its authorship to him nonetheless? Could the whole thing be nothing more than a rabbinical error, a misreading of the biblical text by rabbis...

May 21, 2015: Scientists Discover World's Oldest Stone Tools – But Were They Made By Human Ancestors?
Comments: 18 | Categories: History , Science
Scientists working in the desert badlands of northwestern Kenya have found stone tools dating back 3.3 million years, long before the advent of modern humans, and by far the oldest such artifacts yet discovered. The tools, whose makers may or...

May 20, 2015: Is This The Real Reason Many Jews And Muslims Don't Eat Pork?
Comments: 19 | Categories: History , Religion, Religion & State , Science , Torah & Science
The chicken…provided Middle Eastern populations with a more efficient protein resource [than pork]. Pigs became a redundant animal in the subsistence system, but they were not entirely replaced. “Indeed, contrary to expectations based on the religious prohibition of the pig,...

May 20, 2015: Study: Jesus Was Buried In Jerusalem’s Armon Ha’Natziv/Talpiot Neighborhood And May Have Had A Wife And Child
Comments: 43 | Categories: History , Israel , Religion, Religion & State , Science
While we're speaking of grave finders, Dr. Aryeh Shimron used chemical analyses to find a clear link between ossuaries discovered in an ancient tomb in Talpiot and the ossuary of the “Brother of Jesus” – reigniting debate on Jesus’ burial...

May 18, 2015: Haredi Boys Find 1,400-Year-Old Wine Press In Unauthorized Archaeological Dig
Comments: 18 | Categories: Crime, Litigation, etc. , Haredim , History , Israel
A group of young haredi boys in the Neve Yaakov neighborhood of Jerusalem, all reportedly about 13-years-old, staged an unauthorized archeological dig and found a 1,400-year-old wine press. Haredi Boys Find 1,400-Year-Old Wine Press In Unauthorized Archaeological Dig Shmarya Rosenberg...

May 16, 2015: Where Does The Name Jerusalem Really Come From?
Comments: 35 | Categories: History , Israel
Is Jerusalem really the "City of Peace" or is it actually named after a pagan god of our Canaanite ancestors? And why do we write and pronounce the word with a "J" when the Hebrew word for Jerusalem, Yerushalayim, is...

May 16, 2015: Primitive Human Societies Likely Had Gender Equality, Study Finds
Comments: 5 | Categories: History , Science
Many unique human traits such as high cognition, cumulative culture and hyper-cooperation have evolved due to the social organization patterns unique to humans. "Sex equality suggests a scenario where [these] unique human traits [including] cooperation with unrelated individuals could have...

May 13, 2015: Picture Of The Day: Hasidim In Williamsburg Hang Effigy Of Last Chabad-Lubavitch Rebbe
Comments: 36 | Categories: Chabad , Haredim , History , Religion, Religion & State
Sometime in the 1970s when Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum was still alive and was still the Satmar Rebbe, hasidim in his home enclave of Williamsburg, Brooklyn hung an effigy on a public street corner to great celebration – an effigy of...

May 10, 2015: The Evolution Of Motherhood
Comments: 11 | Categories: History , Science
Human motherhood has undergone a remarkable transition from a past when mothers likely nursed children until the age of 5 to 6, did not nutritionally support children after weaning, and received no help raising the children. When Do Mothers Need...

May 8, 2015: Scientists Find Traces Of Flowers Placed On A Paleolithic Tomb More Than 16,000 Years Ago
Comments: 7 | Categories: History , Religion, Religion & State , Science
"The most plausible hypothesis is that complete flowers were placed on the tomb. It has not been possible to say whether the aim of placing these plants was to give the dead woman a ritual offering, or whether they fulfilled...

May 7, 2015: 2,000-Year-Old Synagogue Vandalized – Apparently By Haredim
Comments: 14 | Categories: Crime, Litigation, etc. , Haredim , History , Israel
The walls were sprayed-painted with multi-colored paint. Large letters spelled out the slogan, "Na Nach Nachma Nachman B'Yerushalayim" – a variation of the slogan chanted by Breslov hasidim about the founder of the Breslov hasidic movement, Rabbi Nachman of Breslov....

May 7, 2015: Report: Puppies, Kittens Thrown Into Lag Ba'Omer Bonfires
Comments: 32 | Categories: Crime, Litigation, etc. , Haredim , History , Israel , Kosher Scandal
Across Israel and in haredi communities worldwide, Jews lit large bonfires, danced and sang to celebrate Lag Ba'Omer – purportedly the anniversary of the death of the early 2nd Century sage Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai, who spent more than a...

April 26, 2015: Jew Versus Jew Rape And Murder In Medieval Spain
Comments: 34 | Categories: Crime, Litigation, etc. , History , Religion, Religion & State , Sefardim
Before the Inquisition, border communities in Spain had their share of violence – and some of it was committed by Jews against others Jews, even by Jewish communal leaders against Jewish community members. And many Jews' greatest fear was that...

April 26, 2015: When A Prime Minister Appears To Lie About Terrorism
Comments: 11 | Categories: History , Israel , Terrorism
"…I asked to learn about the first fallen soldier on this long list. His name was Aaron Hershler, aged 23, from the Mishkanot Shaananim neighborhood here in Jerusalem. In 1873, 142 years ago, Arab rioters and robbers attacked the Jewish...

April 24, 2015: Today Marks 100 Year Anniversary Of Beginning Of Armenian Genocide
Comments: 17 | Categories: Bigotry & Racism , History
"For too many years, recognition of the Armenian genocide has been a tool in the hands of the Israeli Foreign Ministry, which chooses to sacrifice the values of memory, recognition and commemoration of the Armenian ethnic cleansing on the altar...

April 23, 2015: The Secret Slang of the Diamond District
Comments: 27 | Categories: History
From strop, khazeray (chazerai), links-shtivl, linker and shlok to shvimers, mame-zitser, tam, matzo, fir-kantike eyer, words – most often special slang corruptions of Yiddish and Hebrew terms – have special meaning in Manhattan’s Diamond District. The NY Times Magazine reports:...

April 22, 2015: How Israel Got Its Name
Comments: 28 | Categories: History
The relations between ancient Israel and Judah are not clear; they were probably of the same ethnicity and spoke a similar proto-northwestern-Semitic dialect. It is known that after the fall of Israel, Judah experienced a great leap forward, in which...

April 22, 2015: The Yahrtzeit Of A Rabbinic 'Heretic'
Comments: 61 | Categories: History
“The Law [i.e., the Torah] cannot prevent us from considering to be true that which our reason urges us to believe.” The Yahrtzeit Of A Rabbinic 'Heretic' Shmarya Rosenberg • FailedMessiah.com Ha’aretz reports that Monday was the yahrtziet of Rabbi...

April 21, 2015: Orthodox Judaism's Current Burial Practices Are Modern Innovations With Little Connection To Historical Practice
Comments: 23 | Categories: History , Israel , Religion, Religion & State
Orthodox and especially haredi rabbis often know little, if any, history and make halakhic rulings based on backwards projection and mistaken perceptions. One of the clearest ways to see that is to look at how Jews used to bury their...

April 15, 2015: Was Shabbat Originally A Once Per Month Celebration?
Comments: 21 | Categories: History , Israel , Religion, Religion & State
"…[Dr.] Jacob Wright of Emory University discusses a range of evidence suggesting that Shabbat was originally celebrated once a month. Before it came to designate the seventh day in a weekly cycle, Shabbat referred to the time of Full Moon,...

April 12, 2015: Video: A Holocaust Survivor Returns To Poland With Filmmaker Menachem Daum
Comments: 1 | Categories: Antisemitism , Film , History
“Hatred doesn’t always have to be passed on from generation to generation,” says New York filmmaker Menachem Daum. “Perhaps no one is more qualified to set such an example than Poles and Jews.”

April 12, 2015: Memory Of Elderly Greek Rabbi Who Saved Hundreds Of Jews During Holocaust, Led Partisans, To Be Honored This Week
Comments: 6 | Categories: History , Sefardim
On Sept. 30, 1943—Rosh Hashanah—the eldery Rabbi Moshe Shimon Pessach was summoned to the headquarters of the German military governor who demanded that within 24 hours he submit a list of all the Jews in the city and their assets,...

April 6, 2015: Was Passover Originally An Ancient Canaanite Ritual Festival Meant To Stop The Winter Rain From Ruining Spring Crops?
Comments: 41 | Categories: History , Israel , Religion, Religion & State
Spring was a time of great anxiety, since the rains that made their grains grow during the winter were no longer welcome. One particularly nasty storm could decimate wheat and barley fields, knocking down the ripe plants and rotting the...

April 1, 2015: Is The Ashkenazi Ban On Kitniyot A Custom Of Karaite Origin?
Comments: 67 | Categories: Halakha , History
"…This customary stringency, or minhag, is strange, to say the least; it stands in stark contradiction to authoritative Jewish law. The Mishna (P'sahim 2:5) clearly states that only the five species of grain - two varieties of wheat and three...

March 26, 2015: Video: The Torah's Buried Secrets
Comments: 19 | Categories: History , Israel , Religion, Religion & State
What science and history really show about the creation of Judaism and the truth – or the opposite – of the Torah's claims. Some of the reenactments are anachronistic – Jews wearing tallit katans and kippot during the First Exile,...

March 23, 2015: Did A Volcanic Cataclysm 40,000 Years Ago Trigger The Final Demise Of The Neanderthals?
Comments: 3 | Categories: History , Science
Researchers note that the CI volcanic eruption approximately coincided with the final decline of Neanderthals as well as with dramatic territorial and cultural advances among anatomically modern humans. Above and Above right: Annually averaged temperature anomalies in excess of 3°C...

March 20, 2015: Prehistoric Stone Tools Found In Israel Bear 500,000-Year-Old Animal Residue
Comments: 12 | Categories: History , Israel , Science , Torah & Science
Sound faintly biblically familiar? Some 2.5 million years ago, early humans survived on a paltry diet of plants. As the human brain expanded, however, it required more substantial nourishment — namely fat and meat — to sustain it. This drove...

March 19, 2015: Human Parasites Found In Medieval Era Jerusalem Latrine Reveal Links – Including The Spread Of Disease –Between The Middle East And Europe, Researchers Find
Comments: 17 | Categories: History , Israel , Science
A new analysis of a medieval cesspit in the Christian quarter of the old city of Jerusalem has revealed the presence of a number of ancient parasite eggs, providing a window into the nature and spread of infectious diseases in...

March 18, 2015: Video: Newly Released Photo Of Chofetz Chaim Shows Iconic Photo, Painting Used For Decades Is Not Actually Him, Haredi Historian Says
Comments: 26 | Categories: Haredim , History
Hasidic historian and Rabbi Shaul Shimon Deutsch releases real photo (seen at right and below) of Rabbi Yisroel Meir Kagan, better known as the Chofetz Chaim, which Deutsch says proves the iconic photo and painting of the late haredi leader,...

March 16, 2015: Haifa University Researchers Discover The Largest Bronze Mask of Greek Sex God Ever Found
Comments: 9 | Categories: History , Israel , Religion, Religion & State , Science
Horns like the ones on the mask are usually associated with Pan, the half-man half-goat god of the shepherds, music and pleasure. A more thorough cleaning in the lab, revealed strands of a goat beard, long pointed ears, and other...

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