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November 02, 2011

Operation Solomon 20 Years Later

Operation Solomon Ethiopian JewsDespite impressive initial achievements, Ethiopian immigrants lag behind immigrants from other countries who arrived here at the same time, according to a study by the Brookdale Institute published in 2010. The report found that after making great strides in employment, income, housing, education and other areas in the 1990s, their progress slowed around a decade ago.

Operation Solomon Ethiopian Jews
Ethiopian Jews in Israel's Addis Ababa, Ethiopia embassy in 1991

Israel to mark 20th anniversary of airlift of Ethiopian Jews
Ceremony to highlight the achievements of the Ethiopian community over the past 20 years.
Revital Blumenfeld • Ha’aretz

A ceremony marking the 20th anniversary of Operation Solomon, in which over 14,000 Ethiopian Jews were airlifted to Israel in 36 hours, will take place tonight with the participation of Ethiopian community leaders, President Shimon Peres, Absorption Minister Sofa Landver and other government officials.

The ceremony will highlight the achievements of the Ethiopian community over the past 20 years.

According to the Absorption Ministry, some 90 projects with a combined budget of about NIS 80 million currently provide assistance to the Ethiopian community.

But despite impressive initial achievements, Ethiopian immigrants lag behind immigrants from other countries who arrived here at the same time, according to a study by the Brookdale Institute published in 2010.

The report found that after making great strides in employment, income, housing, education and other areas in the 1990s, their progress slowed around a decade ago, except for two areas: The school dropout rate continued to fall, and more women joined the workforce.

For example, the unemployment rate is 14 percent, double that of the overall Jewish population, and 65 percent of Ethiopians are defined as poor, as opposed to 15 percent of immigrants from the former Soviet Union and 23 percent of veteran Israelis.

Moreover, Ethiopians' matriculation grades have gone down over the last 10 years compared to the 1990s.

Brookdale Institute director Prof. Jack Habib, who headed the study, said the community failed to continue progressing because of "environmental factors characteristic of the 1990s," which began with an economic slump and the first intifada and continued with cuts to defense and education.

Additionally, he said, the massive aid provided by Diaspora Jews in the 1990s ran out.

But MK Shlomo Molla, deputy speaker of the Knesset, who was in charge of Ethiopian immigration for the Jewish Agency in 1999-2006, said that "Ethiopian immigrants get three times as much funding as other immigrants and native-born Israelis." The problem, he said, is that the money is spent on jobs and salaries instead of being "invested wisely in projects that encourage excellence."

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Some very relevant links

Ashkenazi Jews are also susceptible to some nasty genetic diseases. Still want to continue the eugenics thread? ;-)

What is a reasonable amount of time, energy, resources etc to invest in a community before it is able to get up on its' own two feet?

What is a reasonable amount of time, energy, resources etc to invest in a community before it is able to get up on its' own two feet?

Posted by: ultra haredi lite | November 02, 2011 at 06:17 AM

Agreed. Time to stop investing time,energy, resources etc. to the charedi communities world-wide and force them to get up on their own two feet.

James.

Lynn has already been dismissed in the scientific community as a racist who manipulated data and repeatedly lied about his results.

The world saw the same thing in the mid 20th century. Think "White Aryan Master Race" if you can wrap your racist mind around that.

Sorry, but there is a master race and it is us yidden. We were chosen by HaShem to teach the world through our example so he had to make us smart enuf so every bachur could understand his talmud. You cant expect some hillbilly shaegetz or one of the darker people to be as smart as us because they were not given the Torah on Har Seenai so they don't need to be.
If you are not able to understand a blat of Gemorah (and have you ever met a colored person or a shikserella who culd?) than probably you are not Jewish.

When Moshiach finally comes we will all find out who is really Jewish, so send us Moshiach already so we can know who is who!

Waiting4Moshiach,

I know you don't really belive the crap you spew.

You're just trying to bait us into an argument.

Guess that means you're not part of the Master Race...

Just another master-baiter!

Agreed. Time to stop investing time,energy, resources etc. to the charedi communities world-wide and force them to get up on their own two feet.

Posted by: HadEnuff | November 02, 2011 at 06:20 AM

Ha! Very good!

Meanwhile, take a look at the comments beneath the Haaretz article. Israelis seem never to pass up an opportunity to knock the Ethiopians.

Stop responding to Waiting4Moshiach, I doubt he's even Jewish. It's very likely that he posts your responses to stormfront. He argues like Amalek and any bochur that believes what he claims to believe wouldn't own a computer. At the very least, he's a sockpuppet for someone else on this board. Don't respond.

Waiting4Moshiach appears to be the same person (or a facsimile)of "Chaim" who lurked around this blog last year spouting the same inane and insane crap.

Waiting4Moshiach: just stop it. If you really are Haredi, your childishness, racism and ignorance is an insult to the intelligence of the posters and the master of this website. Try writing something meaningful instead of a disgusting heap of nonsense.

This issue about Ethiopians is very simple. Education and culture of parents is a key for children's destiny. External flow of resources may change children slightly, but they easily revert as the article shows.

After couple of generations (of course if they won't fall prey for religious school systems) Ethiopians will be no less successful than Ashkenazim today.

HadEnuff and Jeff,
It was a serious question meant to spur conversation.

HadEnuff and Jeff,
It was a serious question meant to spur conversation.

Posted by: ultra haredi lite | November 02, 2011 at 01:35 PM

I think HadEnuff put it to bed nicely.

Waiting4Moshiach appears to be the same person (or a facsimile)of "Chaim" who lurked around this blog last year spouting the same inane and insane crap.

I don't think so. I don't recall Chaim talking much about Moshiach. His obsession was the inevitable Haredi takeover, first of Israel, then the world. His tag line was "Charedi power!"

The questions raised by this report are fascinating.

(a) Is the Ethiopian high school dropout rate merely a result of a lack of ambition in the community, as being poor in Israel is far different to being poor in Ethiopia. (So the dropout rate may not be about intellectual potential but cultural factors. i.e. Some people could push their intellectual realm but can't be bothered.)

(b) Does this suggest the idea that perhaps there really is a hierarchy of awareness and wisdom on the Planet and amongst the Jews themselves and that some people are suited by certain work roles more than others ? (Was the idea about the Kohen Gadol, Levites, and Priestly Caste etc. more about creating a structure of wisdom and righteousness than being about pure whim, nepotism and simple tribal loyalties ? Why do some people prefer engineering than sales ?)

(c) Is Ashkenazic brain power based on a genetics whereby the traits of learning, analysis and study get passed on from generation to generation and get reinforced ? (Was Begin’s early 1977 Jerusalem call to the Sephardi purely a case of political opportunism ? What is the percentage of Ashkenazi Nobel Prize Winners to Sephardi ?)

This would be a very interesting discussion offline with the right people and references present. I'm pretty sure I know what the answers are. This article like many that appear on FM has helped me work out something on my mind at the moment.


@Adam Neira
Have you read about the hypothesis for the higher Ashkenazi IQ by Cochran, Hardy and Harpending? They say that the unique conditions Jews were under in Central and Eastern Europe, i.e. forced into certain intellectually demanding professions like money lending, selected for higher intelligence. They show the evidence for the higher recorded Ashkenazi IQ average, and implicate genes that Ashkenazim carry at a high rate that cause higher intelligence in heterozygotes but diseases in homozygotes.

They wrote about it in a 2005 paper - linked here if you want to read it:
http://youngmanhattanite.com/AshkenaziIQ.jbiosocsci.pdf

They also wrote about it in their book The 10,000 Year Explosion: How Civilization Accelerated Human Evolution
Link: http://www.amazon.com/000-Year-Explosion-Civilization-Accelerated/dp/0465002218

Here's another good link looking at the issue.
(Google cached because the site's down at the moment.)
"Why is the IQ of Ashkenazi Jews so high?":
http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:JV9O459CDxYJ:ieet.org/index.php/IEET/more/4828

Steven Pinker said that the hypothesis is plausible and it would be easy to carry out a study to prove it.

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